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Kate Trout

Kate Trout

Educational Background

  • Ph.D. – Health Services Research, Administration, & Policy, University of Nebraska Medical Center
  • MPH – Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center
  • B.S. – Biological Sciences, Peru State College

Courses Taught

  • Hlth_Sci 3400 Global Public Health & Health Care Systems

Research Interests

  • Data-Driven Health Policy
  • Health information technologies (HITs) in healthcare organizations and systems
  • Health Data Ecosystems
  • Rural Health
  • Global Health
  • Health Services Research
  • Access to health care in underserved, low-resourced populations
  • Vector-borne diseases

Large scale datasets collected by Information Technologies have continued to have an increasing role in nearly every sector of the economy over the past decade and will continue to do so in the next. Despite national goals of achieving interoperability of electronic health records (EHRs) and enhanced clinical decision making, health data remains fragmented. Dr. Trout’s research interest lies at the intersection of Public Health, Health Policy, and Health Informatics to develop novel, data-driven approaches to rural health issues. Dr. Trout is a health services researcher and epidemiologist with research focusing on the utilization of Health Information Technologies (HITs) such as EHRs, Telehealth, and M-health to improve access, efficiency, safety, quality, and cost-effectiveness of healthcare in the United States and internationally. Her research focuses on leveraging HITs to improve health service outcomes, access to healthcare, and improving data ecosystems with an emphasis on rural and low-resource settings. Effectively incorporating HITs at the system-level and improving the health data ecosystem will create an environment that supports utilizing big data to inform health policy and evidence-based decision making.

Bibliography of Published Works 

Journal Articles

*Student publication

Trout, K. E., Chen, L. W., Wilson, F. A., Tak, H. J., & Palm, D. (2021). The Impact of Electronic Health Records and Meaningful Use on Inpatient Quality. Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality. DOI: 10.1097/jhq.0000000000000314. PMID: 34267170

Trout, K. E., & Chen, L. W. (2021). Geographic distribution of bed occupancy during the COVID‐19 epidemic in the United States: A nationwide study. Health Science Reports, 4(2).

Kiselica, A. M., Johnson, E., Lewis, K. R., & Trout, K. E. (2021). Examining racial disparities in the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 1-8.

*McMann, N., & Trout, K. E. (2021). Assessing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding sexually transmitted infections among college students in a Rural Midwest Setting. Journal of Community Health, 46(1), 117-126.

Trout, K. E., Chaidez, V., & Palmer-Wackerly, A. L. (2020). Rural-Urban Differences in Roles and Support for Community Health Workers in the Midwest. Family & Community Health43(2), 141-149.

Watanabe-Galloway, S., Chen, L. W., Trout, K., Palm, D., Deras, M., & Naveed, Z. (2019). Improving behavioral health workforce supply and needs estimates using active surveillance data. Rural and remote health19(2), 65.

Chaidez, V., Palmer-Wackerly, A.L, Trout, K.E. (2018). Community Health Worker Employer Survey: Perspectives on CHW Workforce Development in the Midwest. Journal of Community Health. 43(6), 1145-1154.

Trout, K. E., Rampa, S., Wilson, F. A., & Stimpson, J. P. (2017). Legal mapping analysis of state telehealth reimbursement policies. Telemedicine and e-Health23(10), 805-814.

Wilson, F. A., Rampa, S., Trout, K. E., & Stimpson, J. P. (2017). Reimbursements for telehealth services are likely to be lower than non-telehealth services in the United States. Journal of telemedicine and telecare23(4), 497-500.

Nguyen, A.T., Trout, K.E., Chen, L.W., Madison, L., Watkins, K., Watanabe-Galloway, S. (2016). Nebraska’s Rural Behavioral Health Care Workforce Distribution and Relationship between Supply and County Characteristics. Rural and Remote Health Journal. 16(2), 3645. Epub 07 April 2016.

Brindha, A. K., Murthy, S., Trout, K.E., Singh, A. K., Surapaneni, K. M., & Joshi, A. (2015). Dry eyes among information technology professionals in India. International Eye Science, 15(8), 1303-1308.

Joshi, A., Perin, D. M. P., Amadi, C., & Trout, K.E. (2015). Evaluating the usability of an interactive, bi-lingual, touchscreen-enabled breastfeeding educational programme: application of Nielson’s heuristics. Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics, 22(2), 265-274.

Shre, E. S., Trout, K.E., Singh, S. P., Singh, A. K., Mohan, S. K., & Joshi, A. (2015). Severity and clustering of menopausal symptoms among obese and nonobese postmenopausal women in India. Journal of Pharmacy and BioAllied Science, 8(2), 106.

Vishnupriya, S., Prasad, S., Kasav, J. B., Trout, K.E., Murthy, S., Surapaneni, K. M., & Joshi, A. (2014). Water and sanitation hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices among school settings in rural Chennai. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Jun 2015, 5(2), 192-200. DOI: 10.2166/washdev.2014.052.

Joshi, A., & Trout, K.E. (2014). The role of health information kiosks in diverse settings: a systematic review. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 31(4), 254-273.

Joshi, A., Trout, K. E., Aguirre, T., & Wilhelm, S. (2014). Exploration of factors influencing initiation and continuation of breastfeeding among Hispanic women living in rural settings: a multi-methods study. Rural and Remote Health, 14(2955).

Joshi, A., Amadi, C., Trout, K.E, & Obaro, S. (2014). Evaluation of an Interactive Surveillance System for Monitoring Acute Bacterial Infections in Nigeria. Perspectives in Health Information Management, 11(Spring).

Trout, K.E., Puricelli P.D., Davy, T., Joshi, A., & Islam, K. M. (2014). Evaluating the Quality of Malaria-Related Health Information in the Nigerian Internet Context. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 4(01), 42.

Joshi, A., Wilhelm, S., Aguirre, T., Trout, K.E., & Amadi, C. (2013). An Interactive, Bilingual Touch Screen Program to Promote Breastfeeding Among Hispanic Rural Women: Usability Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, Research Protocols, 2(2), e47. doi:10.2196/resprot.2872.

Joshi, A., Meza, J., Costa, S., Perin, D. M. P., Trout, K.E., & Rayamajih, A. (2013). The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Community Outreach, Academic and Research Collaboration, and Education and Support Services (IT-CARES). Perspectives in Health Information Management, 10(Fall).

Joshi, A., Perin, D.P., Trout K.E., & Obaro S. (2013). Heuristic evaluation of an Interactive Surveillance System: Searching solutions for electronic health data capturing in Nigeria. Proceedings from 2nd Annual Global Healthcare Conference (GHC 2013), Singapore, July 10, 2013. doi: 10.5176/2251-3833_GHC13.51

Joshi, A., & Trout, K.E. (2012, October). Heath Kiosks as an Equal Opportunity Resource for Better Health: A Systematic Review. In Global Health 2012, The First International Conference on Global Health Challenges (pp. 66-70).

Trout, K.E., & Clopton, R. E. (2012). Metronidazole Induces Gametocytogenesis In Gregarine Associations Maintained In Vitro. Journal of Parasitology, 98(3), 666-668.


Book Chapters

Trout, K.E., Chen, L.W., Deras, M., and Watanabe-Galloway, S. (2017).  “Challenges and complexities in quantifying the behavioral health workforce: Implications for tracking the behavioral health workforce in rural communities.”  In Advances in Business and Management, Volume 11. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Trout, K.E. (2018). “Retiree Benefits.” Chapter 13, In Navigating Health Insurance (primary book authors Alexis Pozen & Jim Stimpson). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chen, L.W., Palm D., and Trout, K.E. (2015). “Building Community Capacity to Improve Population Health through Integrating Public Health and Health Care: Lessons Learned from the Community Health Needs Assessment Conducted by Nebraska’s Rural Hospitals.” Chapter 1, In Capacity Building: Planning, Programs, and Prospects (edited by Diane Brown). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, ISBN: 978-1-63483-995-2.

Policy Briefs

Wilson, F.A., Trout, K.E., Rampa, S., Stimpson, J.P. (2016). An Examination of Private Payer Reimbursements to Primary Care Providers for Healthcare Services Using Telehealth, United States 2009–2013. Washington, DC: Health Care Cost Institute. Retrieved from:

Trout, K.E., Chen, L.W., Palm, D. (2015). Current State of Community Health Needs Assessments (CHNAs) in Nebraska’s Small Rural Hospitals. Omaha, NE: Nebraska Center for Rural Health Research (PR2015-4).

Trout, K.E., Chen, L.W., Deras, M., Watanabe-Galloway, S. (2015). The Supply of Behavioral Health Professionals in Nebraska, 2014. Omaha, NE: Nebraska Center for Rural Health Research (PR2015-5).

Trout, K.E., Chen, L.W., Deras, M., Watanabe-Galloway, S. (2015). The Geographic Distribution of Actively Practicing Behavioral Health Professionals in Nebraska, 2014. Omaha, NE: Nebraska Center for Rural Health Research (PR2015-6).