Enid J. Schatz

PhD

Current Position

  • Associate Professor & Chair, Department of Health Sciences
  • Core Faculty, Department of Women’s & Gender Studies
  • Faculty Affiliate, Department of Sociology, University of Missouri
  • Honorary Senior Researcher, School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand
  • Research Associate, Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Coach/Master Coach, National Center for Faculty Development & Diversity

Educational Background

  • Wits Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow – University of the Witwatersrand, 2003-04
  • Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow – University of Colorado, Boulder (resident at Wits), 2002-04
  • Ph.D. – University of Pennsylvania, Demography/Sociology, 2002
  • M.A. – University of Pennsylvania, Demography, 1999
  • B.A. – Tufts University, Judaic Studies/Women’s Studies, 1995

Classes Taught

  • Gender & Public Health
  • Global Public Health (online)
  • Graduate Feminist Methods & Methodologies
  • Public Health: Principles & Practice
  • Public Health: Principles & Practice (Honors)
  • Sixteen & Pregnant: Teen Pregnancy & Parenting
  • Women’s Empowerment
  • Women’s & Gender Studies Senior Capstone Seminar

Research Interests

  • Gender
  • Aging & Health
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Integrating qualitative and quantitative methods

Active Grants

  • HIV after 40 in Rural South Africa: Aging in the Context of an HIV/AIDS Epidemic [01 AG049634]. National Institutes of Health-National Institute of Aging PI: Mojola (Princeton University) Role: Consultant. Award Amount: $1,301,144. Grant Period: 09/30/2016-03/31/2021.
  • Piloting & refining the testing & risk history calendar to understand the experiences of HIV risk and testing among older South Africans. University of Missouri, Research Council. PI: Schatz. amount: $10,000. / SHP Catalyst Grant. PI: Schatz. Award Amount: $3570. Grant period: 04/15/2018–12/31/2018.

Recently Completed Grants

  • Fulbright Scholar, South Africa. Selected by Public Affairs Section, U.S. Embassy, to the U.S. Department of State and to the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board. Grant period: 06/01/2017-12/31/2017.
  • Leaving no one behind: Identifying approaches to improving HIV treatment outcomes among older Ugandans. UK Medical Research Council, PHNID. PI: Seeley (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine); co-I: Schatz (12% effort). Award period: 08/1/2016–12/31/2017. Grant amount: GBP149,550 (~$215,000).
  • Food insecurity, ART adherence among older people living with HIV in the Western Cape, South Africa. DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Food Security Small Grants Program, University of Western Cape. PI: Schatz; co-PI: Knight (University of Western Cape). Grant period: 12/01/2016–11/30/2107. Award amount: ZAR 90,000 (~$6,600).
  • Addressing the social and health needs of older South Africans living with HIV. University of Missouri-South Africa Linkages Program. PI: Lucia Knight, co-PI: Schatz. Grant period: 10/01/2016-09/30/2017. Award Amount: $3,000. [extension for original $10,000 grant]

Publications

  • Ralston M, Schatz E, Madhavan S, Gómez-Olivé X, & Collinson M. 2018 (ePub ahead of print). Perceived quality of life and living arrangements among elderly rural South Africans: Do all households fare the same? Ageing & Society. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X18000831
  • Knight L, Mukumbang F & Schatz E. 2018. Behavioral and cognitive interventions to improve treatment adherence and access to HIV care among older adults in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. BMC Systematic Reviews 7 (114). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-018-0759-9
  • Soomro N, Fitzgerald G, Seeley J, Schatz E, Mills E, Nachega J & Negin J. 2018 (ePub ahead of print). Comparison of antiretroviral therapy adherence among HIV-infected older adults with younger adults in Africa: Systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS & Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-018-2196-0
  • Schatz E, Seeley J & Zalwango F. 2018. Intergenerational care for and by children: Reciprocity and impacts on children’s wellbeing in rural Uganda. Demographic Research 38(63): 2003-26. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2018.38.63
  • Schatz E & Knight L. 2018. “I was referred from the other side”: Gender and HIV testing among older South Africans living with HIV. PLoS ONE 13(4): e0196158. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196158
  • Houle B, Mojola S, Angotti N, Schatz E, Gomez-Olive FX, Clark S, Williams J, Kabudula C, Tollman S & Menken J. 2018 (ePub ahead of print). Sexual behavior and HIV risk across the life course in rural South Africa: Trends and comparisons. AIDS Care. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1468008
  • Ralston M, Schatz E, Naidoo N & Kowal P. 2018. Including older adults in development goals: Is subjective wellbeing the answer? A case study of older South Africans. Journal of Development Studies 54(4): 702–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2017.1311406
  • Angotti N, Mojola S, Schatz E & Williams J. 2018. Taking care in the age of AIDS: Older rural South Africans’ strategies for surviving an HIV epidemic. Culture Health & Sexuality 20(3): 262–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2017.1340670
  • Schatz E, Houle B, Mojola S, Angotti N, Menken J & Williams J. 2017 (ePub ahead of print).  How to “live a good life”: Aging and HIV testing in rural South Africa. Journal of Aging & Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264317751945
  • Schatz E, Ralston M, Madhavan S, Gómez-Olivé X & Collinson M. 2017 (ePub ahead of print). Living arrangements, disability and gender of older adults among rural South Africa. Journals of Gerontology: Series B. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbx081
  • Schatz E, Seeley J, Negin J & Mugisha J. 2017 (ePub ahead of print). They “don’t cure old age”: Delays to health care access among older adults in rural Uganda. Ageing & Society. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X17000502
  • Madhavan S, Schatz E, Gómez-Olivé FX & Collinson M. 2017. Social positioning of older persons in rural South Africa: Change or stability? Journal of Southern African Studies 43(6): 1293–1307. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057070.2017.1365522
  • Mugisha J, Schatz E, Negin J, Mwaniki P, Kowal P & Seeley J. 2017. Timing of most recent health care visit by older people living with and without HIV: Findings from the SAGE Wellbeing of Older People Study in Uganda. International Journal of Aging and Human Development 85(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415016680071

Research Statement

My research brings a gendered lens to examining the social and structural impacts of HIV on older persons’ physical health and social well-being in South Africa and Uganda. South Africa has high HIV prevalence (about 30%), but also a strong set of social welfare programs, which older persons can access. Uganda has a lower overall HIV prevalence rate (about 7%), but also fewer social welfare programs. Thus, it is important to understand the ways that carework for others, the loss of carers, and household dynamics in the context of poverty, migration, and the HIV epidemic affect older persons health and well-being. Much of my work has focused on the impact of HIV on older persons, their roles and responsibilities in households affected by HIV, and the ways that social welfare mediated their health and other needs. More recently, my work has begun to focus on the fact that the aging of African populations and roll out of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV has meant an increasing number of people aging with HIV, as well as larger numbers of those at risk and being infected at older ages. The health needs of these populations are significant; the UNAIDS 2014 Gap Report singled out older adults as a population that has been “left behind”, and who will require more attention if HIV response goals are to be met. My projects in Uganda and South Africa are among the first to focus explicitly on the barriers for older persons to HIV care, including HIV testing, and ART access and adherence. My colleagues and I are developing innovative tools to collect higher quality information on risk, health profiles and HIV testing, as well as interventions to increase older persons’ ART access and adherence, with an aim of improving older Africans’ overall health and well-being.

 

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